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Date: 23-Oct-2011

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), many children die ali over the world - especially in devel- oping nations - due to measles, hepatitis B, Haemophilus infiuenzne, whooping cough (pertussis), teta- nus, diphtheria and polio.

This is a very lamentable situa- tion, as these deaths are prevent- able.

Diseases like polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, H. influenzae type B (which causes respiratory tract infection), mumps, measles and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord), are illnesses prevent- able by vaccination.

Child vaccination not only reduc- es the cost of treatmentv but also protects the entire family from dis ease, as infectious diseases spread very easily from children.

Vaccination, or immunisation through the administration of vac- cines, is the easiest~ most effective, cheapest and safest method to pre- vent these diseases. 

Vaccines, whether injected or given orally, need to be taken in stages according to the pre-deter- mined schedule. This will produce antibodies in the body, which will help it to resist certain viral and bacterial infections.

Each child born is protected by immunisation obtained from their mother while in the womb.

This immunity will become weaker as the child grows older. Because of that, children need to be vaccinated according to the pre- determined age, in order to ensure that they get sufficient immunisa- tion to certain diseases.

Only after this vaccination schedule is followed will the child's body be able to produce sufficient antibodies to fight offviral or bac~ terial attacks.

If the second or third vaccine dose is not received, or is post- polled for too long, the whole vaccination process for certain dis- eases needs to be redone in order to avoid the child from getting the disease.

In Malaysia, vaccination is com pulsory fol' children from the time of thefr birth. The Health Ministry is always improving the schedule in accord- ance to WHO recommendations, so that Malaysia i? on par with other developed nations.

The accompanying graphic refers to the National lmmunisation Schedule, which must be followed by all parents and guardians.

The side effects of immunisation are usually light and not danger- ous, compared to a viral or bacte- rial infection, or complications caused by a secondary infection.

(See Complications of vaccinable diseases) Ifyour child experiences any problems after receiving a vaccine, bring them to the nearest clinic as soon as possible to receive treat- ment or medical advice.

Contact Information:

Vital vaccination for Malysia children

Other Contact : health